The King And The Priest
Choosing A Confessor
Henry The Eighth And His Wives
Le Roi Est Mort Vive La Reine!
Letter Fourth To Anne Boleyn
Gammer Gueton's Needle
Letter Eighth Anne Boleyn To Wolsey
Least ViewedLetter Fifteenth To Anne Boleyn
Letter Sixteenth To Anne Boleyn
Letter Eighteenth To Anne Boleyn
Letter Eleventh To Anne Boleyn
Letter Sixth To Anne Boleyn
Letter Seventh To Anne Boleyn
Letter Ninth To Anne Boleyn
Letter Seventeenth To Anne Boleyn
Letter Thirteenth To Anne Boleyn
Letter Fourteenth To Anne Boleyn
Still all was calm and quiet in the palace of Whitehall. Nothing was
stirring, and nobody had heard how Lady Jane Douglas left her chamber
and glided down the corridor.
No one has heard it, and no eye is awake, and none sees what is now
taking place in the queen's room. She is alone--all alone. The servants
are all asleep in their chambers. The queen herself has bolted the doors
of the anteroom on the inside, and no other door leads into her boudoir
and bedroom, except through this anteroom. She is therefore perfectly
secluded, perfectly secure.
Speedily and in haste she envelops herself in a long black mantle,
the hood of which she draws well over her head and brow, and which
completely covers and conceals her form.
And now she presses on a spring inserted in the frame of a picture.
The picture flies back and shows an opening, through which a person can
quite conveniently pass out.
Catharine does so. Then she carefully pushes the picture back to its
place from the outside, and for a long time walks on in the passage
hollowed out of the solid wall, till groping along she at last lays
hold again of a knob in the wall. She presses on it; and now at her
feet opens a trap-door, through which a feeble light forces its way
and renders visible a small narrow staircase there situated. Catharine
enters and descends the steps with winged feet. Now at the foot of the
staircase she again presses on a secret spring; and again a door opens,
through which the queen passes into a large hall.
"Oh," whispered she, fetching a long breath, "the green summer house at
She quickly traversed it and opened the next door.
"I am here, queen!"
"Hush, hush! gently as possible, that the watch, who walks up and
down just behind the door, may not hear us. Come, we still have a long
walk--let us make haste."
Again she pressed on a spring inserted in the wall; and again a door
opens. But before Catharine bolts this door, she takes the lamp burning
on the table there, which is to lighten the dark and difficult path
through which they are now to wend their way.
Now she bolts the door behind them; and they enter a long, dark
corridor, at the end of which is found still another staircase, and down
which they both go. Numberless steps conduct them below; gradually the
air becomes dense, the steps moist. The stillness of the grave is around
them. No sound of life, not the least noise, is now perceptible.
They are in a subterranean passage, which stretches out in length before
them farther than the eye can reach. Catharine turns to John Heywood;
the lamp lights up her face, which is pale, but exhibits an expression
firm and resolute.
"John Heywood, reflect once more! I ask not whether you have courage,
for I know that. I only wish to know whether you will employ this
courage for your queen?"
"No, not for the queen, but for the noble woman who has saved my son."
"You must then be my protector to-day if we meet with dangers. But if it
be God's will, we shall encounter no dangers. Let us go."
They go vigorously forward, silent all the way. At length they come to
a place where the passage grows broader, and spreads out into a little
open chamber, on the side walls of which a few teats are placed.
"We have now accomplished half of the journey," said Catharine; "and
here we will rest a little."
She placed the lamp on the small marble table in the middle of the
passage, and sat down, pointing to John Heywood to take a seat near her.
"I am not the queen, here," said she; "and you are not the king's
fool; but I am a poor weak woman, and you are my protector. You may,
therefore, well have the right to sit by me."
But John shook his head with a smile, and sat down at her feet. "St.
Catharine, savior of my son, I lie at thy feet, and devoutly return
thanks to thee."
"John, are you acquainted with this subterranean passage?" asked the
John gave a sad smile. "I am acquainted with it, queen."
"Ah, you know it? I supposed it was a secret of the king and queen."
"Then you will readily conceive that the fool knows it. For the King of
England and the fool are twin brothers. Yes, queen, I know this passage;
and I once wended it in anguish and tears."
"What! You yourself, John Heywood?"
"Yes, queen. And now I ask you, do you know the history of this
underground passage? You are silent. Now, well for you that you do not
know it. It is a long and bloody history, and if I should narrate to you
the whole of it, the night would be too short for it. When this passage
was built, Henry was still young, and possessed yet a heart. At that
time, he loved not merely his wives, but his friends and servants
also--specially Cromwell, the all-powerful minister. He then resided at
Whitehall, and Henry in the royal apartments of the Tower. But Henry was
always longing for his favorite; and so Cromwell one day surprised him
with this subterranean passage, the construction of which had occupied a
hundred men a whole year. Ah, ah, the king was then very much moved,
and thanked his powerful minister for this surprise with tears and hugs.
There passed scarcely a day that Henry did not go to Cromwell through
this passage. So he saw each day how the palace of Whitehall became more
and more splendid and glorious; and when he returned to the Tower, he
discovered that this residence was altogether unworthy of a king; but
that his minister lived by far more magnificently than the King of
England. That, queen, was the cause of Cromwell's fall! The king wanted
Whitehall. The sly Cromwell noticed it, and made him a present of his
gem, the palace on whose construction and decoration he had labored
ten years. Henry accepted the present; but now Cromwell's fall was
irrevocable. The king could not, of course, forgive Cromwell for having
dared to offer him a present so valuable, that Henry could not or would
not repay it. He remained, therefore, Cromwell's debtor; and since this
tormented and vexed him, he swore Cromwell's ruin. When Henry moved into
Whitehall, it was concluded that Cromwell must ascend the scaffold. Ah,
the king is such an economical builder! A palace costs him nothing but
the head of a subject. With Cromwell's bead be paid for Whitehall; and
Wolsey died for Hampton Court."
"Not on the scaffold, though, John."
"Oh, no; Henry preferred merely to break his heart, and not his head.
First, he had that wonderful pleasure-villa, Hampton Court, with all
its treasures, presented him by Wolsey; then he removed him from all his
offices, and deprived him of all his honors. Finally, he was to go to
the Tower as a prisoner; but he died on his way thither. No, you are
right! Wolsey did not die on the scaffold, he was put to death much more
slowly and more cruelly. He was not killed with the sword, but pricked
to death with pins!"
"Did you not say, John, that you had travelled this way once before?"
"Yes, queen, and I did it to bid farewell to the noblest of men, and the
truest of friends, Thomas More! I begged and besought Cromwell so long
that he had compassion on my anguish, and allowed me to go through this
passage to Thomas More, that I might at least receive the blessing and
last kiss of affection of this saint. Ah, queen, speak no more of it
to me! From that day I became a fool; for I saw it was not worth the
trouble to be an honest man, when such men as More are executed as
criminals. Come, queen, let us go on!"
"Yes, on, John!" said she, rising. "But do you know then whither we are
"Ah, queen, do I not then know you? and did I not tell you that Anne
Askew is to be stretched upon the rack to-morrow, unless she recant?"
"I see that you have understood me," said she, giving him a friendly
nod. "Yes, I am going to Anne Askew."
"But how will you, without being seen and discovered, find out her
"John, even the unhappy have friends. Yes, the queen herself has a few;
and so chance, or it may be even God's will, has so arranged matters,
that Anne Askew is occupying, just at this time, that small room in
which the secret passage terminates."
"Is she alone in that room?"
"Yes, all alone. The guard stands without before the door."
"And should they hear you, and open the door?"
"Then without doubt I am lost, unless God supports me."
They walked on in silence, both too much occupied with their own
thoughts to interrupt them by conversation.
But this long, extended walk at length wearied Catharine. She leaned
exhausted against the wall.
"Will you do me a favor, queen?" asked John Heywood. "Permit me to carry
you. Your little feet can bear you no farther; make me your feet, your
She refused with a friendly smile. "No, John, these are the
passion-stations of a saint; and you know one must make the round of
them in the sweat of his face, and on his knees."
"Oh, queen, how noble and how courageous you are!" exclaimed John
Heywood. "You do good without display, and you shun no danger, if it
avails toward the accomplishment of noble work."
"Yet, John," said she, with a bewitching smile, "I dread danger; and
just on that account I begged you to accompany me. I shudder at the
long, desolate way, at the darkness and grave-like stillness of this
passage. Ah, John, I thought to myself, if I came here alone, the shades
of Anne Boleyn and Catharine would be roused from their sleep by me who
wear their crown; they would hover about me, and seize me by the hand
and lead me to their graves, to show me that there is yet room there
for me likewise. You see, then, that I am not at all courageous, but a
cowardly and trembling woman."
"And nevertheless, you came, queen."
"I reckoned on you, John Heywood. It was my duty to risk this passage,
to save, perchance, the life of the poor enthusiastic girl. For it shall
not be said that Catharine deserts her friends in misfortune, and that
she shrinks back at danger. I am but a poor, weak woman, John, who
cannot defend her friends with weapons, and, therefore, I must resort to
other means. But see, John, here the path forks! Ah, my God! I know it
only from the description that was given me, but no one said anything of
this to me. John, which way must we now turn?"
"This way, queen; and here we are at the end of our journey. That path
there leads to the torture-chamber, that is to say, to a small grated
window, through which one can overlook that room. When King Henry was in
special good-humor, he would resort with his friend to this grating to
divert himself a little with the tortures of the damned and blasphemers.
For you well know, queen, only such as have blasphemed God, or have not
recognized King Henry as the pope of their Church, have the honor of the
rack as their clue. But hush! here we are at the door, and here is the
spring that opens it."
Catharine set her lamp on the ground and pressed the spring.
The door turned slowly and noiselessly on its hinges, and softly, like
shades, the two entered.
They now found themselves in a small, circular apartment, which seemed
to have been originally a niche formed in the wall of the Tower, rather
than a room. Through a narrow grated opening in the wall only a little
air and light penetrated into this dungeon, the bald, bare walls of
which showed the stones of the masonry. There was no chair, no table in
the whole space; only yonder in that corner on the earth they had heaped
up some straw. On this straw lay a pale, tender creature; the sunken,
thin cheeks, transparently white as alabaster; the brow so pure and
clear; the entire countenance so peaceful; the bare, meagre arms thrown
back over the head; the hands folded over the forehead, the head bent to
one side in quiet, peaceful slumber; the delicate, tender form wrapped
in a long black dress, gently stretched out, and on her lips a smile,
such as only the happy know.
That was Anne Askew, the criminal, the condemned--Anne Askew, who was
an atheist only for this, because she did not believe in the king's vast
elevation and godlikeness, and would not subject her own free soul to
that of the king.
"She sleeps," whispered Catharine, deeply mored, Wholly involuntarily
she folded her hands as she stepped to the couch of the sufferer, and a
low prayer trembled on her lips.
"So sleep the gust!" said Hey wood. "Angels comfort them in their
slumbers; and the breath of God refreshes them. Poor girl; how soon, and
they will wrench these noble, fair limbs, and torture thee for the honor
of God, and open to tones of distress that mouth which now smiles so
"No, no," said the queen, hastily. "I have come to save her, and God
will assist me to do it. I cannot spare her slumbers any longer. I must
She bent down and pressed a kiss on the young girl's forehead. "Anne,
awake; I am here! I will save you and set you free. Anne, Anne, awake!"
She slowly raised her large, brilliant eyes, and nodded a salutation to
"Catharine Parr!" said she, with a smile. "I expected only a letter from
you; and have you come yourself?"
"The guards have been dismissed, and the turnkeys changed, Anne; for our
correspondence had been discovered."
"Ah, you will write to me no more in future! And yet your letters were
my only comfort," sighed Anne Askew. "But that also is well; and perhaps
it will only make the path that I have to tread still easier. The heart
may move its pinions freely and easily, and return to God."
"Hear me, Anne, hear," said Catharine in a low and hurried voice. "A
terrible danger threatens you! The king has given orders to move you, by
means of the rack, to recant."
"Well, and what more?" asked Anne, with smiling face.
"Unfortunate, you know not what you are saying! You know not what
fearful agonies await you! You know not the power of pains, which are
perhaps still mightier than the spirit, and may overcome it."
"And if I did know them now, what would it avail me?" asked Anne Askew.
"You say they will put me to the rack. Well, then, I shall have to bear
it, for I have no power to change their will."
"Yet, Anne, yet you have the power! Retract what you have said, Anne!
Declare that you repent, and that you perceive that you have been
deluded! Say that you will recognize the king as lord of the Church;
that you will swear to the six articles, and never believe in the Pope
of Rome. Ah, Anne, God sees your heart and knows your thoughts. You have
no need to make them known by your lips. He has given you life, and you
have no right to throw it away; you must seek to keep it so long as you
can. Recant, then! It is perfectly allowable to deceive those who
would murder us. Recant, then, Anne, recant! When they in their haughty
arrogance demand of you to say what they say, consider them as lunatics,
to whom you make apparent concessions only to keep them from raving. Of
what consequence is it whether you do or do not say that the king is the
head of the Church? From His heavens above, God looks down and smiles
at this petty earthly strife which concerns not Him, but men only. Let
scholars and theologians wrangle; we women have nothing to do with it.
If we only believe in God, and bear Him to our hearts, the form in which
we do it is a matter of indifference. But in this case the question is
not about God, but merely about external dogmas. Why should you trouble
yourself with these? What have you to do with the controversies of the
priests? Recant, then, poor enthusiastic child, recant!"
While Catharine, in a low tone and with fluttering breath, thus spoke,
Anne Askew had slowly arisen from her couch, and now stood, like a lily,
so slender and delicate, confronting the queen.
Her noble countenance expressed deep indignation. Her eyes shot
lightning, and a contemptuous smile was on her lips.
"What! Can you thus advise me?" said she. "Can you wish me to deny my
faith, and abjure my God, only to escape earthly pain? And your tongue
does not refuse to utter this, and your heart does not shrink with shame
while you do it? Look at these arms; what are they worth that I should
not sacrifice them to God? See these feeble limbs! Are they so precious
that I, like a disgusting niggard, should spare them? No, no, God is my
highest good--not this feeble, decaying body! For God I sacrifice it.
I should recant? Never! Faith is not enveloped in this or that garb; it
must be naked and open. So may mine be. And if I then am chosen to be
an example of pure faith, that denies not, and makes profession--well,
then, envy me not this preeminence. 'Many are called, but few are
chosen.' If I am one of the chosen, I thank God for it, and bless the
erring mortals who wish to make me such by means of the torture of the
rack. Ah, believe me, Catharine, I rejoice to die, for it is such a sad,
desolate, and desperate thing to live. Let me die, Catharine--die, to
enter into blessedness!"
"But, poor, pitiable child! this is more than death; it is the torture
of earth that threatens you. Oh, bethink you, Anne, that you are only
a feeble woman. Who knows whether the rack may not yet conquer your
spirit, and whether you, with your mangled limbs, may not by the fury
of the pain yet be brought to that point that you will recant and abjure
"If I could do that," cried Anne Askew, with flashing eyes, "believe
me, queen, as soon as I came to my senses I would lay violent hands
on myself, in order to give myself over to eternal damnation, as the
punishment of my recantation! God has ordered that I shall be a sign of
the true faith. Be His command fulfilled!"
"Well, then, so be it," said Catharine resolutely. "Do not recant,
but save yourself from your executioners! I, Anne, I, will save you! I
cannot bear--I cannot think of it--that this dear noble form should
be sacrificed to a vile delusion of man; that they will torture to the
honor of God a noble likeness of the same God! Oh, come, come, I
will save you! I, the queen! Give me your hand. Follow me out of this
dungeon. I know a path that leads out of this place; and I will conceal
you so long in my own apartments that you can continue your flight
"No, no, queen, you shall not conceal her with you!" said John Heywood.
"You have been graciously pleased to allow me to be your confidant; envy
me not, then, a share in your noble work also. Not with you shall Anne
Askew find refuge, but with me. Oh, come, Anne, follow your friends. It
is life that calls you, that opens the doors to you, and desires to call
you by a thousand names to itself! Do you not hear them, all those sweet
and alluring voices; do you not see them, all those noble and smiling
faces, how they greet you and beckon to you? Anne Askew, it is the noble
husband that calls you! You know him not as yet, but he is waiting for
you there in the world without. Anne Askew, there are your children,
who are stretching their tender arms out to you. You have not yet borne
them; but love holds them in her arms, and will bring them to meet you.
It is the wife and the mother that the world yet demands of you, Anne.
You ought not to shun the holy calling which God has given you. Come,
then, and follow us--follow your queen, who has the right to order her
subject. Follow the friend, who has sworn that he will watch over you
and protect you as a father!"
"Father in heaven, protect me!" exclaimed Anne Askew, falling on her
knees and stretching her hands upward. "Father in heaven! they would
tear away Thy child, and alienate my heart from Thee! They are leading
me into temptation and alluring me with their words. Protect me, my
Father; make my ear deaf, that I may not hear them! Give me a sign that
I am Thine; that no one has any longer power over me, save Thou alone! A
sign, that Thou, Father, callest me!"
And as if God had really heard her prayer, a loud knocking was now
perceived at the outer door, and a voice cried: "Anne Askew, awake! and
hold yourself ready! The high chancellor and the Bishop of Winchester
come to fetch you away!"
"Ah, the rack!" groaned Catharine, as with a shudder she buried her face
in her hands.
"Yes, the rack!" said Anne, with a blissful smile. "God calls me!"
John Heywood had approached the queen and impetuously seized her hand.
"You see it is in vain," said he, urgently. "Make haste then to save
yourself! Hasten to leave this prison before the door there opens."
"No," said Catharine, firmly and resolutely. "No, I stay. She shall not
surpass me in courage and greatness of soul! She will not deny her God;
well, then, I also will be a witness of my God. I will not in shame cast
my eyes to the ground before this young girl; like her, I will frankly
and openly profess my faith; like her I will say: 'God alone is Lord of
his Church,' God--"
There was a movement without; a key was heard to turn in the lock.
"Queen, I conjure you," besought John Heywood, "by all that is holy to
you, by your love, come, come!"
"No, no!" cried she, vehemently.
But now Anne seized her hand, and stretching the other arm toward
heaven, she said in a loud, commanding voice: "In the name of God, I
order you to leave me!"
While Catharine drew back wholly involuntarily, John Heywood pushed her
to the secret door, and urging her out almost with violence, he drew the
door to behind them both.
Just as the secret door had closed, the other on the opposite side
opened. "With whom were you speaking?" asked Gardiner, peering around
the room with a sharp look.
"With the tempter, that wished to alienate me from God," said she--"with
the tempter, who at the approach of your footsteps wanted to fool my
heart with fear, and persuade me to recant!"
"You are, then, firmly resolved? you do not retract?" asked Gardiner;
and a savage joy shone in his pale, hard countenance.
"No, I do not recant!" said she, with a face beaming with smiles.
"Then, in the name of God and of the king, I take you into the
torture-chamber!" cried Chancellor Wriothesley, as he advanced and laid
his heavy hand on Anne's shoulder. "You would not hear the voice of love
warning you and calling you, so we will now try to arouse you from
your madness by the voice of wrath and damnation." He beckoned to the
attendants on the rack, who stood behind him in the open door, and
ordered them to seize her and carry her to the torture-chamber.
Anne, smiling, turned them back. "Nay, not so!" said she. "The Saviour
went on foot, and bore His cross to the place of execution. I will tread
His path. Show me the way, I follow you. But let no one dare touch me. I
will show you that not by constraint, but gladly and freely, I tread the
path of suffering, which I shall endure for the sake of my God. Rejoice,
oh my soul!--sing, my lips! for the bridegroom is near, and the feast is
about to begin."
And in exultant tones Anne Askew began to sing a hymn, that had not died
away when she entered the torture-chamber.
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